Health Canada Licensing
License applications must be made each year to Health Canada in order to grow, sell or process Industrial Hemp in Canada. You can find out how to apply for a license by visiting the Health Canada Industrial Hemp website.
Along with your license application you will need to submit a Criminal Record Check which can be obtained at your local RCMP Office for a small fee. You will also need to include the GPS coordinates of the fields on which you plant (or intend to plant) your hemp. You have up until 15 days after seeding your hemp to submit this information. Your GPS coordinates can be found by visiting the US Government’s Earth Explorer website.
Hemp Growing Tips
The following information is a list of suggestions only. Agronomic decisions should be made on a case-by-case basis with your farm’s agronomist.
- Seed into ground free of chemical residue such as Treflan, Odyssey, Avadex, Pursuit. Wheat, barley or oat stubble works well
- Seeding date target: May 15th-June 5th. The soil temperature should be 8-10 degrees Celcius or above
- Grain production seeding rate: 22-25 lbs/acre
- Seeding depth: 3/4″ – 1 1/4″
- Use minimum air flow on your air seeder
- Fibre production seeding rate: 35-45 lbs/acre
- Calibration of all seeding equipment is essential!
- 70 to 90 lb. actual Nitrogen
- 35 to 40 lb. actual Phosphate
- Potash and Sulfur as required as per soil testing
- Micro-nutrient soil testing and application can be beneficial
- Moisture target: 15% – 25%
- Begin to dry grain within 4 hours of harvest or sooner.
- Watch for heating, or use a full floor aeration bin with a large fan. The depth of the grain in bin should be about 4-5 ft.
- Handle hemp grain with the auger full and at a slow speed (similar to handling peas, beans, etc.) or use a conveyor
- Straight cut the crop as high as is required to harvest seed from stalk, without taking in more fibre than necessary
- Combine settings depend on field conditions and the type of combine
- Combine Modification:
- Narrow the feeder house by placing plates on each side of feeder
- Observe all places any wrapping could occur and address the problem promptly. Temporary tin shields may be useful.
- Other modifications may be required depending on the type of combine being used. Use caution.
- Machines used for cutting: self-propelled swather or haybine
- 16-18 ft swath maximum
- Cutting height: as close to the ground as possible
- Cutting pattern: Opposite to combine travel so as to pick up fibre in tracks (if cutting fibre on a field already harvested for grain)
- Fibre only crops: Cut after pollination (flowering) – 50% seed set; should be cut before viable seeds are present
Baling and Bale Storage
- Soft-core and hard core balers have both proven to work
- Address any problems of wrapping by covering the area with tin, canvas, or whatever works in the particular situation
- For highest price potential bales must be at 14% moisture or lower
- Bales must be kept dry and preferably stored under cover